Dog Obedience Training: The Key to a Well-Behaved Canine Companion


Dog obedience training is a fundamental aspect of responsible pet ownership. It establishes clear communication between you and your furry friend, strengthens the bond between you, and ensures your dog’s safety and well-being. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the world of dog obedience training, exploring its importance, effective training methods, and addressing frequently asked questions to help you navigate this essential aspect of dog ownership. Now having said this, we also recommend you search for a trainer using this search, dog board and train near me, to find a selection of dog training companies to talk to before you make any decisions.

Table of Contents:

Understanding Dog Obedience Training
— What is dog obedience training?
— Why is obedience training important?
— When should I start obedience training my dog?
— Can all dogs benefit from obedience training?

Basic Commands for Obedience Training
— Sit
— Stay
— Lie Down
— Come

Effective Training Methods
— Positive Reinforcement
— Clicker Training
— Reward-Based Training
— Consistency and Patience

Addressing Behavioral Issues through Obedience Training
— Barking
— Chewing
— Jumping
— Leash Pulling

Advanced Obedience Training
— Off-Leash Training
— Agility Training
— Canine Good Citizen (CGC) Certification
— Advanced Command Training

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
— How long does it take to train a dog to be obedient?
— Can I train my dog on my own, or should I seek professional help?
— What if my dog is stubborn and resistant to training?
— How can I reinforce obedience training in everyday life?


Understanding Dog Obedience Training

What is dog obedience training?

Dog obedience training involves teaching your dog to respond to specific commands or cues. It focuses on developing desirable behaviors and ensuring your dog understands and obeys basic commands, such as “sit,” “stay,” “lie down,” and “come.” Obedience training establishes a foundation for further training and helps your dog become a well-behaved member of your household.

Why is obedience training important?

Obedience training is essential for several reasons. Firstly, it enhances the safety of your dog and others around them. When your dog reliably responds to commands, you can prevent them from engaging in potentially dangerous behaviors, such as running into traffic or approaching aggressive dogs.

Secondly, obedience training strengthens the bond between you and your dog. By establishing clear communication and mutual understanding, you build trust and a positive relationship based on respect and cooperation.

Additionally, obedience training makes everyday life more enjoyable for both you and your dog. A well-behaved dog is more welcome in public places, enjoys outings, and can participate in various activities with you, such as regular walks. You can continue your dog walking routine and if you don’t have time hire a dog walker.

When should I start obedience training my dog?

It is never too early or too late to start obedience training. Puppies can begin learning basic commands as early as eight weeks old. Training at a young age sets a solid foundation for future learning and behavior.

For older dogs, obedience training can still be effective. With patience and consistency, you can address behavioral issues and teach new commands. However, it may require more time and effort compared to training a puppy.

Can all dogs benefit from obedience training?

Yes, all dogs can benefit from obedience training. Regardless of breed, age, or size, training provides mental stimulation, builds confidence, and ensures a harmonious coexistence between you and your dog. Whether you have a small Chihuahua or a large Great Dane, obedience training is essential for their well-being and your peace of mind.

Basic Commands for Obedience Training


The “sit” command is one of the fundamental commands every dog should learn. It teaches your dog self-control and attentiveness. To train your dog to sit, hold a treat close to their nose and move it upward, causing their bottom to lower naturally. Once they are in a sitting position, reward them with the treat and praise.


The “stay” command is crucial for ensuring your dog remains in a specific position until given a release cue. Start with your dog in a sitting or standing position. Extend your hand, palm facing them, and say “stay” in a firm and clear voice. Take a step back and gradually increase the distance over time. Reward your dog for maintaining the stay position.

Lie Down

The “lie down” command teaches your dog to lie down on command. Begin with your dog in a sitting position. Hold a treat in your hand near their nose and move it downwards, leading them into a lying position. Once they lie down, reward them with the treat and praise.


The “come” command is crucial for recall and keeping your dog safe. To teach your dog to come to you, start in a low-distraction environment. Crouch down, open your arms, and call your dog’s name followed by the command “come” in an inviting and enthusiastic tone. When your dog comes to you, reward them with praise and a treat.

Effective Training Methods

Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is a highly effective and humane training method that involves rewarding desired behaviors. It reinforces the behaviors you want to see repeated. When your dog performs a command correctly, immediately reward them with treats, praise, or play. Positive reinforcement creates a positive association with the command and motivates your dog to obey.

Clicker Training

Clicker training is a form of operant conditioning that uses a clicker as a sound marker to precisely mark the desired behavior. It enables clear communication with your dog, as the click indicates the exact moment the behavior is correct. Pair the click with a reward, such as a treat, to reinforce the behavior.

To use clicker training, introduce your dog to the sound of the clicker by clicking and rewarding them with a treat. Then, use the clicker to mark the desired behavior and follow it immediately with a reward. Consistency and timing are crucial in clicker training.

Reward-Based Training

Reward-based training involves using rewards, such as treats, praise, or play, to motivate and reinforce desired behaviors. It focuses on positive reinforcement rather than punishment. By rewarding your dog for performing the correct behavior, you create a positive association and encourage them to repeat the behavior.

Choose rewards that are highly motivating for your dog. Treats should be small, soft, and easily consumable to prevent interruptions in training. Pair the rewards with verbal praise to further reinforce the positive behavior.

Consistency and Patience

Consistency and patience are key to successful obedience training. Use the same commands and hand signals consistently, ensuring everyone in the household follows the same protocols. Keep training sessions short and frequent to maintain your dog’s focus and prevent boredom.

Be patient with your dog’s learning process. Understand that each dog learns at their own pace, and some commands may take longer to master than others. Avoid getting frustrated and maintain a positive and calm demeanor during training sessions.

Addressing Behavioral Issues through Obedience Training


Excessive barking can be addressed through obedience training. Teach your dog the “quiet” command by first teaching them to speak on command. Once they understand the “speak” command, introduce the “quiet” command and reward them for stopping the barking. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key to reducing excessive barking.


Chewing is a natural behavior for dogs, but it can become destructive if not properly managed. Provide appropriate chew toys and redirect your dog’s chewing behavior towards them. When you catch your dog chewing on inappropriate items, interrupt the behavior and redirect them to a suitable toy. Reward and praise them for chewing on the correct items.


Jumping on people is a common behavior that can be addressed through obedience training. Teach your dog an alternative behavior, such as sitting or keeping all four paws on the floor. Consistently reinforce the desired behavior by rewarding and praising your dog when they greet people calmly.

Leash Pulling

Leash pulling can make walks frustrating and potentially dangerous. Train your dog to walk politely on a leash by using positive reinforcement techniques. Stop walking whenever your dog pulls, and resume walking only when the leash is loose. Reward your dog for walking by your side without pulling. Consistency and patience will help them learn proper leash manners.

Advanced Obedience Training

Off-Leash Training

Off-leash training allows your dog to respond to commands even without a leash. Before attempting off-leash training, ensure that your dog has a solid foundation in obedience commands and has mastered them on a leash. Practice in a secure and controlled environment, gradually increasing the level of distractions. Use high-value rewards and reinforce obedience consistently.

Agility Training

Agility training involves navigating obstacle courses, including jumps, tunnels, and weave poles. It is a fun and mentally stimulating activity that builds your dog’s physical fitness and coordination. Enroll in agility classes or set up a DIY course in your backyard to provide your dog with a challenging and enjoyable activity.

Canine Good Citizen (CGC) Certification

The Canine Good Citizen (CGC) certification is a program that assesses a dog’s behavior and obedience skills in real-world situations. It is a valuable accomplishment that demonstrates your dog’s good manners and obedience. CGC training focuses on skills such as accepting friendly strangers, walking on a loose leash, and responding to basic commands.

Advanced Command Training

Once your dog has mastered the basic commands, you can move on to teaching more advanced commands. This may include commands like “leave it,” “drop it,” “heel,” and “go to your mat.” Advanced command training further enhances your dog’s obedience and provides mental stimulation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long does it take to train a dog to be obedient?

The time it takes to train a dog to be obedient varies depending on factors such as the dog’s age, breed, temperament, and previous training experiences. Consistency, patience, and regular training sessions are key to achieving obedience. Basic obedience commands can be learned within a few weeks, while advanced training may take several months of consistent practice.

Can I train my dog on my own, or should I seek professional help?

You can train your dog on your own with the right resources, knowledge, and dedication. There are numerous books, online resources, and videos available to guide you through the training process. However, if you are facing challenges or your dog’s behavior is causing concern, seeking professional help from a certified dog trainer or behaviorist is recommended. They can provide personalized guidance and address specific issues.

What if my dog is stubborn and resistant to training?

Stubbornness and resistance to training can be frustrating but are not uncommon. Some dogs may require additional patience and creativity in their training approach. Consider seeking professional help to assess the underlying causes and develop a tailored training plan. Positive reinforcement, consistent training, and breaking down tasks into smaller steps can help overcome stubbornness and improve responsiveness.

How can I reinforce obedience training in everyday life?

Reinforcing obedience training in everyday life is crucial for long-term success. Incorporate obedience commands into daily routines, such as asking your dog to sit before mealtime or stay while you open the front door. Consistently reinforce desired behaviors by rewarding and praising your dog. Practice commands in different environments and gradually increase distractions to generalize the learned behaviors.


Dog obedience training is an invaluable investment in your dog’s well-being and the harmony of your household. By understanding the importance of obedience training, implementing effective training methods, and addressing common FAQs, you are well-equipped to embark on the journey of training your dog to be a well-behaved and obedient companion.
Remember to be patient, consistent, and always use positive reinforcement. Training should be a positive and enjoyable experience for both you and your dog. With time, practice, and dedication, you can achieve a strong bond and a well-behaved canine companion.

The Benefits of a Balanced Diet for Preventing Canine Diarrhea

Dog flux is rare among critter keepers, causing them to hasten to discover a redress. While no single remedy will work for all cases, a balanced diet reduces the risk of canine diarrhea and its associated symptoms. This article will explore the benefits of a balanced diet for preventing canine diarrhea and how to create one for your pet.

Introduction to Dog Diarrhea

Various factors, including dietary changes, infection, parasites, or stress, can cause dog diarrhea. Sometimes, the cause may be difficult to determine and require veterinarian testing. Symptoms of canine diarrhea can differ from moderate to extreme and involve flimsy stools, modifications in the rate or uniformity of stools, hurling, or loss of craving. If the side effects are gentle and not joined by different indications of ailment, they may determine autonomously with time and cautious observation. However, if the manifestations become more genuine or indications of sickness are available, you should contact your veterinarian for further assessment and treatment.

The Benefits of a Balanced Diet

Inculcating a nutritionally appropriate regimen is imperative for preserving overall vigor in puppies and can decrease the likelihood of incurring pup diarrhea. A balanced diet provides all the necessary nutrients in the correct proportions to meet your pet’s individual needs and keep them healthy. A nutritious sustenance should incorporate top-notch proteins, healthful fats and starches, micronutrients, and minerals.

Proteins: Protein is essential for maintaining muscle mass, strength, and proper organ function in dogs. High-quality proteins should come from animal sources such as meat or eggs.

Fats: Healthy fats are important for providing energy and helping with skin and coat health. Healthy fats include salmon lubricant, coconut oil, olive oil, and linseed oil.

Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates provide energy for your dog’s body and help regulate blood sugar levels. Excellent sources of carbohydrates are unrefined grains such as oats, brown rice, or quinoa, and vegetables like sweet potatoes or squash.

Vitamins & Minerals: Nutrients like vitamins and minerals are integral for a canine’s well-being and can be procured from different fruits and vegetables, including apples, carrots, or spinach.

Supplementally providing all requisite nourishment in proper amounts, a proportionate diet can likewise advance a healthful digestive process. A proportionate diet provides the precise coalescence of lignin, essential lipids, and probiotics which aid in sustaining a beneficial equilibrium of microbes in the bowels and conserve the digestive system performing duly.

Fiber helps to regulate digestion and can help reduce the risk of constipation or diarrhea. Essential lipids are requisite for sustaining comprehensive wellness and can be obtained in aquatic life, coconut oil, olive, or linseed. Lastly, probiotics are salubrious microorganisms naturally occurring in soured edibles such as yogurt, kefir, or kombucha, which can assist in upholding a strong digestive system.

It is also essential to guarantee your animal can acquire pure liquid to stay sated, which is indispensable for preserving general well-being and thwarting intestinal disturbances like pooch looseness of the bowels.

Ultimately, it is necessary to bear in mind that no one-size-fits-all regimen will be productive for all critters, so it might be wise to talk about any nutritional alterations with your vet before instituting any modifications to guarantee that you are supplying your animal with the top sustenance feasible while diminishing their chance of exhibiting canine diarrhea symptoms because of dietary matters.

Creating a Balanced Diet

When creating a balanced diet for your pet, it is important to consider their needs based on age, size, activity level, and existing health conditions. Your veterinarian can provide more information on creating a balanced diet tailored to your pet’s needs.

It is also important to transition slowly when switching foods so that your pet does not experience digestive upset from the sudden change in diet, which can increase the risk of developing canine diarrhea. It is also important to avoid feeding table scraps or other human foods that could contain ingredients unsuitable for dogs or cause digestive upset, leading to diarrhea symptoms.


In conclusion, providing a balanced diet tailored to your pet’s needs can help reduce the risk of canine diarrhea by correctly providing all the necessary nutrients while avoiding any ingredients that could cause digestive upset, as well as sudden dietary changes or human foods unsuitable for dogs. It is important to discuss any dietary changes with your veterinarian before making any changes to ensure you are providing your pet with the best nutrition possible while reducing its risk of developing canine diarrhea symptoms due to dietary issues.

Tips for Finding an Experienced Vet in Westlake Village CA

The well-being and health of your cherished pets depend on you finding a reliable veterinarian with plenty of expertise. Pet owners in Westlake Village, California are lucky to have access to various veterinary hospitals and specialists. But finding the best veterinarian who can deliver excellent treatment might be complex.

This post will review some helpful advice for finding a qualified veterinarian in Westlake Village so you can give your animal friends the finest treatment possible, such as an at-home vet in Westlake Village, CA, and alike services.

Seek recommendations and referrals

Asking for suggestions and referrals from dependable sources has proven to be one of the best methods to locate a reputable veterinarian. Ask your friends, relatives, neighbors, or fellow Westlake Village pet owners about their experiences working with various veterinary hospitals or specialists. Their firsthand knowledge can help you make informed decisions and pinpoint your options.

Research and check credentials

Before deciding, conduct thorough research on the veterinarians you are considering. Visit their websites to learn about their qualifications, education, and areas of expertise. Look for certifications, memberships in professional organizations, and any additional training or specialized skills. This information will give you an idea of their professional credentials and commitment to staying updated on the latest advancements in veterinary medicine.

Visit the clinic and assess the facilities

Schedule a visit to the veterinary clinics you are interested in to assess their facilities and observe the overall environment. Pay attention to cleanliness, organization, and modern equipment and technology availability. A well-maintained and properly equipped clinic indicates a commitment to providing high-quality care. Additionally, observe how the staff interacts with the animals and clients, as their demeanor and professionalism can significantly impact the overall experience.

Consider proximity and availability

When choosing a vet, consider the clinic’s proximity to your home. Having a clinic nearby can be incredibly convenient for emergencies or regular check-ups. Additionally, inquire about the availability of the vet and clinic hours. It’s essential to find a veterinary practice that can accommodate your schedule and provide prompt attention to your pets’ needs.

Evaluate communication and bedside manner

During initial consultations or interactions, assess how the vet communicates with you and your pet. An experienced and compassionate vet should have excellent communication skills and a caring bedside manner. They should be patient, willing to answer your questions, and genuinely interested in your pet’s well-being. A good vet will take the time to explain medical conditions, treatment options, and preventive care measures clearly and understandably.

Read online reviews and testimonials

Take advantage of online resources to read reviews and testimonials from other pet owners about their experiences with different veterinary clinics in Westlake Village or anywhere else. While individual reviews should be taken with a grain of salt, patterns and trends in the feedback can give you a more comprehensive understanding of the clinic’s reputation and care level.

The wrap-up

Finding a knowledgeable and trustworthy veterinarian in Westlake Village, California or anywhere else is crucial for preserving your pet’s health and pleasure. You may make an informed choice by asking for referrals, doing extensive research, visiting clinics, assessing communication abilities, and considering location and availability.

Keep in mind that a professional veterinarian has the required training and expertise and exhibits empathy, effective communication, and a sincere love for animals. You can ensure your beloved friends get the top-notch treatment they deserve with the proper veterinarian by your side.

9 Essential Tips for New Dog Owners

Embarking on the journey of dog ownership can be one of the most fulfilling experiences in life. Dogs not only offer companionship but also add a unique joy and love to our lives that is incomparable. However, being a pet parent, especially for the first time, can be a daunting task. It requires patience, commitment, and a whole lot of love. Here are some essential tips for new dog owners that will help ensure you’re prepared for this wonderful journey.

1. Do Your Research

Every breed has its own unique traits, needs, and health issues. Research different breeds, understand their behavior, and choose one that fits your lifestyle. Consider factors such as the dog’s size, energy level, and grooming needs.

2. Puppy-Proof Your Home

Just like toddlers, puppies are curious and love to explore their surroundings. It’s crucial to ensure your home is safe for them. Remove toxic plants, secure loose wires, and put away any small objects they might choke on.

3. Invest in Training

Training your new dog is essential, not only for good behavior but also to keep them safe. Basic commands like ‘sit,’ ‘stay,’ and ‘come’ are crucial. Consider enrolling your dog in a training class or hiring a professional trainer.

4. Consistent Feeding Routine

Develop a consistent feeding schedule for your dog. Puppies usually need to be fed three to four times a day, while most adult dogs eat twice a day. Use high-quality dog food suitable for their age, size, and health status.

5. Regular Exercise

Regular exercise is essential to keep your dog healthy and to prevent behavior problems. The amount of exercise needed can vary based on your dog’s age, breed, and health. Generally, most dogs should have at least an hour of exercise each day, spread throughout the day.

6. Regular Vet Visits

Regular vet visits are vital for maintaining your dog’s health. Your vet will provide routine check-ups, and offer advice on feeding, training, and general care.

Local Pet Care

As a new dog owner, it’s vital to have reliable Germantown veterinary care for your furry friend. A local vet can provide necessary health services and guidance to help you navigate the first few months and beyond.

7. Socialization

Socialization is a crucial part of a dog’s development. Expose your puppy to different environments, people, and other animals to help them become a well-adjusted dog.

8. Patience is Key

Remember, becoming a responsible dog owner doesn’t happen overnight. There will be challenges along the way, from housetraining accidents to chewed-up shoes. It’s essential to remain patient, consistent, and loving.

9. Invest in Quality Grooming

Regular grooming is more than just keeping your dog looking nice; it’s an essential part of their overall health. Depending on your dog’s breed, they might need regular haircuts. Regardless of breed, all dogs need regular nail trims, ear cleaning, and dental care. Brushing your dog’s teeth can prevent dental disease, and regular coat brushing can keep their skin healthy and remove loose fur. If you’re unsure about how to perform any aspect of grooming, seek advice from a professional groomer or from your vet.

By following these tips, the journey of dog ownership will be an enriching and enjoyable experience. The bond you’ll develop with your dog will be one of the most rewarding relationships in your life. So welcome to the world of dog parenting – it’s quite a ride!

Unique Business Ideas To Start In 2023

Over the years there have been a signficant increase in small-scale businesses across the country. An unpredictable market, the effects of the world’s events and rising job layoffs have paved the way for burgeoning entrepreneurs.

Research discovered that despite the difficult financial conditions, the number of startups in the UK has increased by 4.5% as compared to last year. These numbers are justifiable as more and more people are now leaning towards the flexibility, independence and control that comes with owning a small business!

More often than not, people assume that setting up a business requires heavy investment. However, that is not necessarily the truth. There are several unique business ideas that require minimal starting costs. All you need is dedication and the willingness to put in adequate time and effort.

Are you hunting for unique business ideas? In this article, we will explore some innovative business ideas that you can consider starting this year!

Pet Care

Are you an ardent animal lover? If yes, then maybe this idea will capture your attention. A recent survey showed that the UK has around 17-21% shares in the global pet care industry. This number is only going to shoot up in the coming years with a rise in demand for pet care needs across urban cities.

These numbers also signify the competition that you ought to witness in this industry. Thus, it is imperative for an amateur to find their niche. One such lucrative option is offering grooming services, namely dog grooming services, as dogs are the most popular pets in the UK.

In fact, the pet grooming industry has witnessed a whopping growth of 5.7% CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) during the last year. In addition to this, the projected sales by the end of 2032 are expected to surpass 732 million pounds.

Needless to say, this idea requires professional expertise and training. However, thanks to technological developments, there are several platforms that educate you about animal grooming. They offer certified training that ensures you are well-equipped to start your own journey in this field, either as an owner or a freelancer.

Personalized Jewelry

Starting a jewelry business is a great idea. However, to differentiate yourself, you need to find a niche that separates you from the existing competition. To beat the competition, you can consider offering personalised jewelry services.

Perhaps you can incorporate the customer’s birthstone or use custom objects such as helm of awe raven pendant. These unique and powerful objects can make your jewellery pieces stand out from the crowd.

After all, jewelry is an extension of your personality and selecting one that best fits your personality is truly amazing! The key skills to survive in this industry are the quality and cradftmanship you use. Bear in mind that you need to invest in high-quality materials and build pieces that are both unique and beautiful in nature. This is a lucrative way to find your niche and attract a loyal customer base.

Retail Merchandise Sellers

Are you an avid fan of all things pop culture? Do you associate yourself with anime or fictional characters from your favorite fantasy movie? If you answered with a loud “YES,” then we have the perfect business idea for you!

One of our most thriving and exciting business ideas to explore this year is setting up an online merchandise store. The retail sector in the UK is growing at a steady pace, even after facing a tumultuous economic journey. In the year 2020, the retail industry contributed up to 5.2% towards the overall economic output in the UK.

More often than not, retailers are actively shifting to online retailing thanks to a wider demographic and growing demand. Merchandise retailers are no strangers to this growth! They offer official merchandise and collectables to entertainment fanatics across the globe.

Ranging from the TUBBZ ducks to the evergreen Lord Of The Rings figurines, there is a wide variety of audiences to cater to! If you are looking for something exciting and creative, then perhaps this idea would resonate with you well!

Virtual Interior Design

Remote workplaces have slowly and steadily become the new norm. However, this has led to a growing demand for virtual interior design services. If you are passionate about adding life to off-and-beaten spaces with your design skills, then this is a brilliant way to get started.

The perks of being a virtual business are endless! From having access to a wider audience base to having the flexibility of setting your own work timings, virtual businesses have transcended boundaries and offer a myriad of opportunities to entrepreneurs.

By starting your own virtual interior design business, you can offer clients the ability to work closely with you from the comfort of their homes. In addition to this, the adoption of virtual reality and 3D modelling software can further help in creating a virtual rendering of personalised home or office spaces, making your job easier.

These types of software programs offer the flexibility to present your brilliant ideas to customers without any obstructions. From interior designing to helping them pick the right furniture for their office space, you can offer consultancy services across these verticals.

Customised Gifting Store

Who doesn’t love receiving gifts, especially ones that in the long run become a part of your cherished memories? Starting a customizable gifting store lets you personalize precious moments and help people convey their thoughts better.

Based on your niche, you can use multiple occasions across the year to boost your sales. Customization brings exclusivity and personalization to clients, which in turn leads to higher customer satisfaction.

You can start small by offering personalized photo frames and keychains to create exclusive hampers and products. Although this market is highly competitive, your uniqueness and creativity will help you stand out. Along with this, you can also customize your packaging, and add special items and handwritten cards to increase your USP.

Zero Waste Grocery Store

Over the years the zero-waste movement has gained traction as more and more conscious consumers are working to minimise their impact on the environment. Grocery stores are often deemed to be a source that contributes significantly to food and plastic waste.

Hence, an opportunity to create a zero-waste grocery store would not only help you stand out in a crowded retail market but also have a positive impact on the environment.

Wondering how to begin? For starters, you can offer products that are either package free or made with recycled materials such as cloth bags or jute bags. Minimizing the use of plastic containers and encouraging the sale of glass jars is another brilliant initiative. To reduce food waste, you can collect all the leftovers and donate them to several food banks across the UK.

Sustainable Clothing Boutique

If you are a fashion lover and cannot refrain from sharing your sense of style with the online community, then starting an online sustainable fashion brand is an excellent idea.
The best part about this is that you don’t require a degree in fashion to build your brand. Even if you are an amateur in this field, you can curate and source readymade products from manufacturers and sell them directly to customers.

There are several fashion brands that thrive in the fast fashion industry. However, to separate yourself from the crowd, sustainability is the way to go.

Actively using recycled materials or organic cotton to create eco-friendly clothing is a great way to start. Further, targeting a particular niche, such as vegan clothing, and designing clothing with vegan leather can separate you from competitors.

Transcription Services

Are you proud of your listening and typing skills? Then a transcription service is the easiest and most flexible business to start. It requires low investment, as it is majorly done online, and is an extremely convenient and easy option for beginners.

From medicine to commerce, there are several industries that require transcription services on a regular basis. Moreover, you can expand your business over time by hiring certified transcriptionists that delve into different specialities, attracting customers to your business.

The cherry on the cake is the low investment and bare minimum overhead costs attached to this business idea. All you need is a computer, appropriate software and a secure messaging system to get started.

To Sum It Up

Eagerly waiting to start your entrepreneurial journey? We are certain you are! However, most entrepreneurs find themselves stuck in the brainstorming stage for a brilliant idea.
For many of us, this eureka moment doesn’t happen for a good amount of time. On the other hand, many of us are afraid to take the plunge into high-risk and high-investment opportunities.

However, entrepreneurship does not have to be so expensive. There are several lucrative ideas that are low on investment and offer greater returns to owners. Moreover, many of these businesses can be set up from the comfort of your home!

From pet care to sustainable clothing, there is something that will tick all your boxes! 2023 is the year for you to experiment with new ideas and say yes to new beginnings. Your search for unique and brilliant ideas ends here as you pave the way to get started on your entrepreneurial journey!

What to Keep in Mind When Renting with Pets

You’ve combed the web, hit the pavement, and found a fantastic pet-friendly apartment where you and your furry bestie can hang your hat (and your leash). Congratulations! But as anyone renting an apartment with a pet can tell you, there are many things to keep in mind before you sign that lease. In this post, we’ll examine some of the necessary steps you’ll need to take to secure your place, and some tips to make it safe and cozy for you both.

Verify the Rules

It’s essential to take a moment to review your lease’s pet policies, communicate clearly with your new landlord about their expectations of renters with pets, and get everything in writing upfront.

A good example is the issue of breed restrictions on certain dogs. Some states enforce regulations on the types of dogs you can keep, and others don’t. Regardless of state law, it’s legal for landlords to prohibit certain breeds on their property. For example, the state of Oregon has no breed laws, but apartments in its cities like Medford or Eugene may not allow them per the leasing agreement.

But if your landlord does enforce breed restrictions, it doesn’t mean you have to give up. A CV with references from your prior landlord, veterinarian, and/or obedience trainer can go a long way toward pleading your pet’s case so the landlord may make an exception.

Prepare for the Added Expenses

Many extra fees are associated with renting with pets; some are fixed, and others are one-time expenses.

Pet Rent: A fixed payment added to your regular monthly rent.

Pet Fee: A non-refundable upfront cost for allowing your pet to stay in the apartment.

Pet Deposit: An upfront, refundable fee you’ll pay to cover any damage done to the property by your pet. If no repairs are needed, your landlord should refund the pet deposit at the end of your lease.

Pet Proof for Safety

Your pet will probably be curious about their new space, but they’ll likely experience plenty of anxiety until they get used to it, too. To ensure your pet stays safe in their new environment, you can take steps to pet-proof before you bring them home.

Although furniture and carpets are the first to succumb to chewing, clawing and accidental damage, nervous dogs and cats may also chew on or claw at wooden window sills and door frames. You can protect them with bumpers or block them with furniture when possible. You can also prevent this by providing ample amounts of chew or puzzle toys around the house to keep them occupied while you’re out.

Be sure to keep your cabinets and trash locked to prevent your pets from getting into any potentially dangerous foods or chemicals. Not all, but some houseplants are poisonous to pets, so do your homework on houseplant toxicity and know when you should call an emergency vet for help. Whether your plants are toxic or not, keep them in hanging containers or high enough on countertops or shelving so your pooch can’t reach them. This keeps your pet safe and prevents soil stains on your carpet.

Apartment Training

After you’ve pet-proofed your new home, it’s important to work on getting the pets accustomed to the apartment first thing, before you get down to the business of training. Give them plenty of time to gradually explore, and stay with them for reassurance. If you need to spend a couple of hours away, consider designating a room for their crate, bedding, toys, and other essentials until they get used to the whole place.

Essential types of behavioral training (especially for dogs) include:

Barking: Whether it’s to protect their territory or simply because they’re excited, a barking dog can be a severe nuisance to your neighbors. Train them to refrain from barking when someone passes by the window or when they hear footsteps in the hall outside your door. Be sure to positively reinforce good behavior with love and treats!

Potty Training: If your doggie doesn’t yet understand how to let you know they need to go potty, create a regular routine for taking them out. Not only will it help teach them that outside is the place to go, but they’ll also look forward to the walk. Until you get them trained, or if it isn’t possible to keep the schedule, you can use puppy pads as a teaching tool to help them understand the entire apartment isn’t open for doing their business. Puppy pads should be temporary, but it’s a good start, and they’ll protect your floors until your dog learns the rules.

Crate Training: Some dogs feel much safer in a crate when left alone in the apartment, and it can also act as an excellent training tool. If you provide positive reinforcement when your dog chooses to use the crate, it’ll help them feel more secure, curb anxious barking, and discourage accidents.

Welcome Home!

For dog and pet lovers, a house isn’t a home without a four-legged companion. But with all that unconditional love and affection comes a lot of responsibility from us humans to ensure our dogs are safe and comfortable. When renting an apartment with your dog, be mindful of what may make them anxious or afraid. Work with your dog to put them at ease and show them you’re there for them no matter where you live. Once you’re settled in and comfortable, you and your dog can make a ton of great memories in your new place together!

Knee Injuries in Dogs: Things to Know About Cranial Cruciate Ligament Injury in Dogs

Has your dog been limping for a while now? Do you suspect there may be a severe problem in one of your pooch’s legs? Is your dog walking strangely after falling from a height? If so, then your dog may have torn or ruptured their cranial cruciate ligament.

Just like humans have an Anterior Cruciate Ligament, dogs have Cranial Cruciate Ligaments that connect the femur to the tibia. The cranial cruciate ligament stabilizes the knee joint and keeps the tibia below the knee. If your dog has injured or torn their CCL, then they can’t use their hind leg properly. This can be very painful for the dog and cause them discomfort.

If you’re from our area and you suspect your dog fell from a height or sprained their leg while playing, you must rush them to any of the nearest vet clinics in Virginia Beach to rule out the possibility of a torn CCL.

In this blog below, we will discuss CCL injury and knee surgery for dogs in more detail…

What is Cranial Cruciate Ligament Injury?

In dogs, knee injuries or tearing of the cranial cruciate ligament can be prevalent. The cranial cruciate ligament is similar to the anterior cruciate ligament. In dogs, there are two cruciate ligaments: the caudal cruciate ligament and the cranial cruciate ligament. When the CCL is injured, the tibia or shin bone slides forward. Dogs with injured knees experience pain while walking or standing. When these injuries are left untreated for a long period of time, it can damage the cartilage and surrounding bones and even cause osteoarthritis.

Things to know about CCL injuries

While dogs of all ages, sizes, and breeds are susceptible to a CCL injury, certain breeds of dogs have a higher risk. If you have a Rottweiler, German Shepherd, Labrador, Newfoundland, or Golden Retriever, you should be aware of CCL tears and take all necessary precautions to prevent it.

Dogs that are obese or overweight, irrespective of their breed, can also experience torn CCL’s. It has been observed that dogs not provided with regular exercise but instead given just occasional strenuous exercise have a higher chance of developing a CCL injury.

According to a study, it was revealed that 5% of neutered males may develop a CCL injury before reaching 12 months. On the other hand, 8% of female dogs are susceptible to CCL injuries. Another study shows that dogs with a history of CCL injuries in one leg may develop it in another leg.

How to detect if your dog has a torn CCL

Amongst all animals, dogs are more susceptible to cranial cruciate ligament injuries. If your dog has severe a CCL or orthopedic injury, he might experience difficulty in walking or simply bearing his own body weight.

Common signs of torn CCL’s are limping or lameness in dogs; however, the symptoms may vary from dog to dog. Another common symptom of torn a CCL is “drawer sign,” which pertains to the tibia bone being pulled forward like a drawer.

In order to determine a possible torn CCL in your dog, the vet at Virginia Beach animal hospital will hold the dog’s femur and move the leg. If the shin bone or tibia moves forward like a drawer, your pooch may have ruptured their CCL.

Besides conducting a physical examination, your vet may perform an x-ray to further check for possible damage to the knee joint.

Treatment for CCL tears

Torn CCL’s are a cause of concern for many pet owners. Pets with a torn or injured CCL have difficulty using the affected leg and may not be able to walk or stand. If your dog has a torn CCL, you should take him or her to your veterinary center for immediate medical care. Your vet may recommend knee surgery according to the condition and severity of the injury.

Top 12 Smallest Dog Breeds

You want to get a dog, but the idea of keeping up with a giant Rottweiler or furry Siberian Husky seems like too much work. On the other hand, maybe you need more space for a larger canine, or worry that you’re not strong enough. Whatever your reasons, the good news is that there are numerous smaller breeds to choose from so that you don’t miss out on the joys of pet ownership.

The top twelve furry friends shared in this article not only come pint-sized, but they make up for their small stature with mega-loving personalities. Ready to get an idea of the smallest dog breeds available to take home? Read on to learn more!


While the name may sound exotic, in reality, it’s simply a hybrid of two other popular dog breeds: the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Shih Tzu. This mixed breed is highly sought after because of the personality traits inherited from the parents.

First-time dog owners should first consider Cava-Tzu puppies for sale when choosing a dog because they are naturally friendly, affectionate, and loyal to their families. You will also find there is a wide spectrum of coat colorations to choose from, making its thick, curly coat another adorable feature.


When you think about small dogs, the Chihuahua is likely the first breed you imagine. Unsurprisingly, this canine is in the top ten most popular in this class. Many dog owners that choose this breed do so because they don’t require a lot of space to run and are extremely manageable because of their size. In addition, they have a playful nature and distinctive personalities that make them especially endearing. However, while they are loyal, they can sometimes be territorial, too, so sign your pup up for obedience training early.


This list can only be accurate if the Pomeranian is on it. These dogs have undergone generations of specialized breeding, making them even smaller than in the days of Queen Victoria and her 35 poms! Pet owners that want a feisty little fluff ball of personality and play need to look no further than these perfectly-sized companions. They can be quite “talkative” and will let you know if they need more attention. Consider treat training if you don’t want your puppy to be overly chatty.

Shih Tzu

Another popular small dog breed is the Shih Tzu. Known the world over for being highly intelligent and lovable, you can also rest easy knowing they won’t set off any dander-allergy sufferers in your household. Their hypoallergenic coat makes them perfect for families with sensitive senses. It’s important to note that this breed is known for becoming overly attached to its owner sometimes, so enforce boundaries early to minimize separation anxiety issues.


The Pug has been one of man’s most trusted companions for almost six centuries. While they were originally the pets of Chinese emperors and Buddhist monks, their popularity skyrocketed even further once these small pooches made it to Europe.

With smooshed muzzles that make them snort and snore more than the average dog, these pups are full of life and ready to play. Great as an only child or part of a pack, they are famous for their sociability and devotion.


The Maltese breed also shares a storied but somewhat mysterious history. While some think this adorable pooch may have come from the Mediterranean, we do know it made it into Greek and Roman history as a fashion statement. One of its most distinctive features is its coat, which is extremely versatile and can be grown long enough to make it appear to float across a floor as it walks.

Aside from its appearance, this breed has a loving and gentle nature, making it a devoted pet you’ll love for many years.


One issue with small-breed dogs is that some are quite stubborn and need help to train. However, the Papillion is anything but hard-headed, making it an enjoyable pet that can easily learn simple tasks. This canine is a descendant of Spaniels but comes in at just under 10 inches tall at the shoulder.

Despite its slight stature, you’ll love its character as it plays and seeks attention. Because it loves to socialize, you won’t have to worry about introducing strangers or other dogs when visiting or on a walk.

Yorkshire Terrier

There isn’t anyone in the world that hasn’t heard of the Yorkshire Terrier. Like the Chihuahua, this breed is one of the smallest terriers on the planet. It’s also hypoallergenic which makes it suitable for almost every household. For the most part, Yorkies don’t weigh much more than 7 pounds, but this doesn’t mean they don’t have a big heart like their larger counterparts. These little furballs are full of energy and ready to have an adventure.

Toy Poodle

If you love the elegance of standard Poodles but don’t have the space to accommodate one, consider the Toy Poodle instead. At just 10 inches tall at the shoulder, this tiny poodle breed comes with the same traits as its larger cousins but in a smaller package. Whether you want to train it to do tricks or tasks, they are extremely intelligent and eager to learn.


The Havanese is a perfect choice for pet enthusiasts who want a small sports dog. This Cuban breed is smart and can be trained for agility competitions or to work as a service animal. But, of course, if you want to just play and love your new pup, this canine won’t object and will gladly snuggle up for some TV time with you.

Miniature Pinscher

Mini Pins come in at just half the size of their larger German Pinscher counterparts. However, they show the same energy and dedication to their owners. These dogs are a ton of fun for active families and, despite Hollywood’s depiction of their guard dog ferocity, are eager to love. However, there are times when this breed might exhibit food and toy aggression, so it’s crucial you train them early.

Final Thoughts

Small dogs have a lot to offer their owners despite their compact stature. Many of the breeds shared in this article offer everything from intelligence and trainability to adoration and big personality. When deciding which pint-sized canine is ideal for your home, consider not just the environment they will live in but how their traits will blend in with your lifestyle. This will ensure there aren’t any surprises, and you can provide it with a safe and loving home for its entire life.

How to Keep Your Dog’s Teeth Clean and Healthy

As a responsible dog owner who takes care of their pup’s overall well-being, you should not forget to pay attention to their dental health. Keeping your dog’s teeth clean and healthy is as important for them, as it’s for us humans.

Dogs can have bad breath, which isn’t nice in any sense. However, if you don’t maintain their teeth with healthy habits, canines can suffer more serious issues like heart, liver, kidney, or lung diseases.

Clean Your Dog’s Teeth Regularly

Many dog owners neglect their pet’s dental hygiene and consider brushing their teeth ridiculous or unnecessary. Still, that is probably the best way to protect their health and avoid more serious health issues.

There are a few ways to clean your dog’s teeth:

— Brushing
— Dental chews
— Gnaw toys
— Water additives
— Dental Spray

All of these options are very good, easy to practice, and don’t require a lot of time, and your doggy will enjoy great benefits from them.

Brushing your dog’s teeth is the most useful way to remove plaque and stop tartar buildup. You should use a specifically designed dog toothpaste and toothbrush and try to brush your dog’s teeth at least two or three times a week.

Dental chews for dogs are specially made to clean their teeth and prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar and, at the same time, keep them busy and amused with a delicious treat. Dog dental chews come in different sizes and their shape enhances blood flow in the dog’s gums.

If your dog is very active and loves chewing on stuff, getting him or her to a gnaw toy could be a perfect solution. Not only that it will distract your pup from destroying a shoe or a piece of furniture, but it will also be good for his or her teeth.

Water additives are another useful solution against the growth of bacteria, plaque, and tartar on dogs’ teeth, as well as for freshening up their breath. They are very simple to use, as all you need to do is add the recommended amount to your dog’s drinking water.

An even better solution for bad breath is a dog dental spray. This is a fast and easy way to care for your pet’s teeth, too. You can use a spray by itself, or while brushing the dog’s teeth.

Provide Your Dog With a Healthy Diet

As for humans, a healthy diet is a foundation for overall well-being. Feeding your dog a healthy diet will also keep its teeth healthy and strong.

Choosing good quality dog food with lots of nutrients will do your dog well, while sugary treats or scraps of human food could bring more harm than you might think. Therefore, try to stay strong and avoid giving food rich in sugars and carbohydrates to your doggy, even though it’s sometimes so hard to resist those adorable eyes.

However, adding some fresh fruits or vegetables into your dog’s food may bring them needed vitamins and minerals that will support the health of their teeth. For example, carrots and apples could be very good for cleaning your dog’s teeth.

Quality dog food that is also high in protein will keep dogs’ teeth healthy, so look for dog food that contains protein sources like beef, chicken, or fish meat. On the other hand, dog food with a crunchy texture will take care of plaque and tartar on their teeth.

Finally, there are many different supplements to support dogs’ healthy diets. You can find a big variety of them on the market, and even though they are not necessary for your pet’s diet, they surely are beneficial. Brand Petz Park offers a wide range of dog supplements, vitamins, and probiotics that will nourish your pup’s special needs.

To choose the best diet for your canine, consider its age, breed, and activity level. Different dogs have different needs, so pay attention to the type of food and the number of calories you are giving to your pup.

Feed your dog at regular intervals, and don’t avoid reading the feeding guidelines on the dogs’ food packaging, as you may find useful advice there.

Visit Your Vet Regularly

Besides all the good care you provide to your loved canine at home, you may want to organize regular appointments with your vet. Routine checkups are potentially important for maintaining the good dental and overall health of your dog.

Regular consultations with your veterinarian can help you notice any potential health issues, react on time, and get the best professional treatment for your doggy.

The Germ Theory of Disease Is a Deliberate Deception: There Was No “Pandemic” Caused By a “Contagious Microscopic Particle”

Did you know that there is an alternative theory of disease that is completely different from the “germ theory” that at least 95% of humanity currently believes in (without knowing exactly why they believe it)?

Did you know that this so-called “alternative theory,” known as “terrain theory,” has been in existence just as long, if not longer, than so-called “germ theory”?

Can you honestly say that you even know what “germ theory” is, even though you would claim to believe in it?… because your actions, through the use of pharmaceutical products including vaccines, show that you passively consent to acceptance of the theory.

Do you have the ability to listen to any arguments in favor of another theory, as opposed to rejecting and having contempt for any alternatives before you have even heard the arguments? Or do you absolutely refuse to even consider for two seconds another theory because it runs counter to what you’ve been taught to believe?, which means that maybe you’ve got a little bit of pride involved?

Germ theory of disease basically says that many illnesses are caused by contagious microscopic particles that attack and destroy cells. With germ theory, the blame for your illness can fall on an enemy object outside of you, so that your illness is not your fault, which means that you do not have to be responsible for your own health.

Terrain theory of disease basically says that all so-called illnesses are the body’s natural way of purging toxic material from its systems. This is why you sweat, cough, sneeze, have a runny nose, have diarrhea, and purge waste in other ways during your illness. These are the symptoms of illness; they are not intended to be suppressed; so-called illnesses and their symptoms are actually signs that your body is healthy and still works well enough to clean itself. Symptom stopping is not health care. It’s actually quite the opposite. Suppression of normal bodily healing mechanisms leads to worse health outcomes. With terrain theory, the blame for your illness falls squarely on you and the toxic insults that you have allowed to accumulate in your body through your own actions and consent.

A healthy body instantly sets to work trying to eliminate anything that is foreign and/or toxic to it. One good example is food poisoning. Another good example is a splinter in the hand or in a finger; the very instant that the splinter goes in, the body begins to push it out.

The medical and pharmaceutical establishment does all of its business based off of germ theory (knowing full-well that it is a false theory, but also knowing full-well that it is a profitable theory), and so can you connect that fact with the overall general state of humanity as it is today?, with its chronic illnesses, physical and psychological problems? Or are we seeing an exponential increase of these general problems simply because we haven’t believed in “germ theory” hard enough yet? In other words, if we just believe in it harder, maybe close our eyes a little bit tighter, maybe invent a few thousand more drugs and vaccines, then all health crises will decline in the future, and there will never be illness again?

Antoine Bechamp (1816 – 1908): French scientist and proponent of Terrain Theory, opponent of contemporary Louis Pasteur’s Germ Theory

Did you know that even according to the so-called scientists who study virology, a “virus” is not a living thing? Viruses have no central nervous system and no respiratory system.

Did you know that the original definition of the word “virus” — the “etymology” of the word — is “poisonous substance”? (As opposed to a “contagious microscopic particle that causes illness.”)

Don’t worry, I hear your question: “But what about people who have been around each other all getting sick at the same time?” The problem is that you believe this is an intelligent question, and you believe it is answered through the supposed existence of contagious microscopic particles that one human being can pass on to another. Of course, this ignores all instances of “flu-like” illnesses in people who have not been around any other people, and it also conveniently ignores instances of people who have been around other “virally-infected” people but who do not become ill themselves. But nevermind those common instances for the moment…

Click here to watch a detailed breakdown of Terrain Theory vs. Germ Theory by Dr. Sam Bailey >>

Back to the question: “But what about people who have been around each other all getting sick at the same time?” Apparently almost all of humanity has forgotten or has decided to willfully ignore the fact that they are actually connected to the earth and its natural cycles.

Groups of people sharing a similar environment can all get sick at the same time because the bodies of everyone in that environment receive the same signals to start the detoxing process at the same time. A group of people who have been around each other in a shared space may also breath-in or ingest the same acute toxins, and therefore all healthy bodies will naturally be triggered to purge the toxins at the same exact time (creating the very convenient — for drug companies — illusion that illness is caused by a contagious microscopic organism, which is still a “theory” and has never been proven, by the way, but nevermind that for now…)

There are many possible explanations as to why groups of people in the same place often become ill (i.e.: begin to purge toxins) at the same time.

Here is a list of some phenomena that people, animals, plant-life, and/or the earth itself experience at the same time, not necessarily caused by a theorized contagious microscopic particle that supposedly hunts and destroys cells.

— Illness, i.e. the purging of toxins and foreign substances from the body, triggered at the same time in multiple people due shared time of year, shared change in seasonal temperature, shared toxic environment in which poisons are ingested, etc.

— Entire species of animals all deciding to migrate thousands of miles at the exact same time: Geese, birds, monarch butterflies (which fly up to 2,500 miles to central Mexico every year during their annual migration), wildebeest and countless other wild animals.

How is this possible unless there is some kind of connection with the earth itself… some kind of signal — physical, metaphysical, or some combination of the two — that instructs the bodies of these animals to perform a certain function at the same time. Is it all because of a contagious microscopic “virus”?

— Women who live around each other can experience the synchronization of their periods.

— A person’s psychological state can be broadcast and “felt” by other people through non-physical means.

— When the Sun appears outside, especially after a long period of time of having been hidden behind clouds, everyone wants to go outside and be in the Sun because they are attracted to it. Is this because of a contagious “virus”?

— Birds, deer and countless other creatures receive the signal to mate at the same time in the Spring.

— Baby sea-turtles all hatch and then run to the sea at the same time.

— Chickens molt (lose their feathers) at the same time.

— All deciduous trees that are within a common climate decide to drop their leaves at the same time. Again: Why? Apparently there are forces at work that force the trees to drop their leaves. Why would it be so hard to believe that there are similar forces — with the change in seasonal climate being a triggering factor — that instructs the human body to purge all toxins that are foreign to it?

— Yawning. How is it possible to “catch” a yawn from another person? Is it because of a fast-attacking “virus,” a microscopic particle?

— The turning of day into night a signal to most people that it is time for physical sleep.

— For thousands of years a Full Moon has been known to have an effect on farmers’ crops, and is said to have psychological effects on human beings.

But ’tis strange:
And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
The instruments of darkness tell us truths;
Win us with honest trifles, to betray’s
In deepest consequence.
William Shakespeare

Could one explanation for the phenomena of people who are around each other getting sick at the same time be that human beings are connected to the earth, and therefore they receive the seasonal signal to purge toxins (i.e.: become “ill”) at the same time? The point here is that, as hard as it may be to believe, there might just possibility be other explanations that you haven’t thought of to account for a group of people becoming ill at the same time.

Perhaps it’s not because of a so-called “contagious microscopic particle” that you ingest from another person, which conveniently allows you to shift the burden of responsibility from yourself and your chronic health-habits over onto some attacking enemy that invades from outside of yourself, which might possibly be successfully defended against with the use of copious amounts of toxic hand-sanitizer and the ingestion of toxic vaccines containing aluminum, mercury, formaldehyde, and endless other life-killing chemicals.

Please: try to see that world just might be the way it is today because there are core lies that have been swallowed hook, line, and sinker — and never questioned — by the majority of humanity. “Germ theory” is certainly one of the core lies.

I’ll conclude with one last thought: Can you honestly say that if you and everyone else had not heard about a so-called “pandemic” on the television or on the internet, that you would have said that there was a “pandemic” based on your own observations? The answer is “No.” There was no evidence of a “pandemic” outside of your imagination suggested to you by the media. Wake up, or you’re going to fall hook, line and sinker when the powers-that-shouldn’t-be try to pull this deception again.

About the author: Eric is a common, everyday person who did not spend $600,000 accumulating student loan debt in order to earn letters after his name so that he could boost his ego. Eric upholds the shocking belief that he can use his own eyes and common sense to figure things out for himself, not needing to rely on so-called authority figures who use the word “science” to deceive, and not succumbing to the pressure to join the mob of humanity in its gullibility.

When devils will the blackest sins put on,
They do suggest at first with heavenly shows.
William Shakespeare